Cui, Y., Z. Ruan, M. Wei, F. Li, and R. Ge, 2020: Vertical structure and dynamical properties during snow events in middle latitudes of China from observations by the C-band vertically pointing radar. J. Meteor. Soc. Japan, 98, 527-550.
https://doi.org/10.2151/jmsj.2020-028 Graphical Abstract with highlights
Plain Language Summary: The 4 shallow snow events (echo top <8 km) and 2 deep events (>10 km) were observed by the C-band vertically pointing radar with frequency modulation continuous wave technology (CVPR-FMCW). The snow clouds were divided into generating cell (GC) and stratiform (St) regions. The fall streaks (FSs) associated with GCs were embedded in the St regions. The vertical air velocity (Wa ) and reflectivity-weighted particle fall speed (Vz ) values were retrieved more precisely using bimodal Doppler spectra. The characteristics of GC regions, as well as the average reflectivity gradients and dynamical properties inside and outside GCs and FSs were quantified.
- The 6 snow events were classified into deep and shallow categories and the snow clouds were divided into GC regions and St regions for statistical comparison.
- The Wa and Vz values were retrieved more precisely using bimodal spectra from CVPR-FMCW. The vertical structure and continuous evolution of Wa and Vz in the snow clouds were also exhibited more clearly.
- The characteristics of GC regions, as well as the average reflectivity gradients and dynamical properties inside and outside GCs and FSs were quantified, improving the understanding of the differences between the inside and outside of GCs and FSs during the 2 types of snow events in terms of vertical reflectivity gradients and dynamical properties.